Contributions of the Aztecs

Aztec cosmogram in the pre-Hispanic Codex Fejérváry-Mayer - the fire god Xiuhtecuhtli is in the center.

The Aztec Civilization contributed a lot to modern day society. Here I am going to talk about several different Aztec contributions to modern day society.

You might not think of this as being an Aztec contribution but the Aztec empire was one of the first to have mandatory education for everyone. In the years ahead, education was going to become more and more important around the world - but the people of the Aztec empire were on the cutting edge. Many countries had education for the upper classes, but for the Aztec, education was important no matter what your gender, rank or station.

Mandatory Education

Another contribution to modern day society is the use of antispasmodic medicine- medicine to prevent muscle spasms, and relax muscles, may have helped in surgeries. An example of this is the Passion flower, which still grows in Mexico today. It is used as an herbal remedy, believed to help with insomnia, epilepsy, and high blood pressure.
Blue Passion Flower (Passiflora caerulea)

You might remember that the Aztec were a warlike society, but throughout their warings, this civilization developed a sophisticated system of trade, agriculture, and astronomy. The Aztec introduced the concept of 'terraced' field agriculture, which were drought free and produced as many as 7 crops/year including two corn crops.
Chinampa Cultivation

Above all contributions, the main Aztec contribution was a system of communications between the conquered cities. In Mesoamerica, without the help of draft animals for transport (nor, as a result, wheeled vehicles) these roads were mostly traveled by foot. Usually these roads were maintained by tribute, and travelers, had a place to rest and eat, and even a latrine to use at regular intervals, roughly every 10 to 15 kilometers (6 to 9 mi). (Like our rest stops on Interstates)